7 ways to boost your kid’s language development
Language development can be a difficult thing for children with different speech disorders. Many speech disorders can make such children struggling learners and language development becomes a challenging task for them. Many children who suffer from ADHD are at risk of articulation disorders, which has an impact on their ability to produce letter sounds appropriate for their age. They have differences in fluency and vocal quality when speaking. Children with ADHD show increased volume and variability in pitch when talking, with long and frequent vocal pauses. They also produce more vocal repetitions or word fillers and look like they are stammering. This can lead to impatience and misunderstandings from others.
Struggling learners often process language differently and are at risk of significant language delays. They struggle to find the right words and make errors in grammar as they make sentences. Listening comprehension can be impaired directly and they might miss details in both conversation and stories. When listening, they may lose track of conversational threads or miss details. They also may not be able to focus on conversations in noisy places. The ability to retain focus on a single speaker is challenging. Distracting classrooms may make it particularly difficult for a struggling learner to engage.
Therefore, following are some easy ways to aid language development in struggling learners:
Repeat and Revise
Struggling learners might find it hard to manage large clumps of conversation all at once. There is nothing wrong with their actual auditory pathway but executive function impairments mismanages the information. Children with ADHD tend to blurt out answers, interrupt, talk excessively and speak too loud. Distractibility, impulsiveness and other executive function impairments can affect social abilities in children. Therefore, it is advisable to be patient with them and take them step by step through the process of language development.
When children go to school, they are expected to sit at their desk for longer periods, and switch between classes more frequently. These expectations can be difficult for an them and can lead to impulsive behaviors. Behaviors like talking out of turn, getting out of seat, or inattentive behaviors like daydreaming and lost materials can occur. Therefore, try to socialize with them and keep them engaged in the classroom.
It is essential to observe a struggling learner and their responses to different teaching techniques. Evaluate for specific delays through direct testing, and then initiate appropriate interventions when indicated.
As a teacher or a parent, you have to be patient with a struggling learner. Wait until you gain your child’s full attention before making a request or starting a conversation; otherwise, details will likely be missed. Help transition their attention by using a brief marker, such as “Hey Cara, I have a question for you.” Pause often and parse language into shorter segments when speaking to a struggling learner. Annunciate clearly, and use gesture language such as counting bullet points on your fingers. Without judgment or condensation, rephrase or repeat yourself when needed. Consider having children restate what they’ve understood from what you’ve said.
Engage them into activities
If it is helpful, engage them in interesting activities that deliver the new information to them in an appealing way. Try to maintain eye contact with them in order to keep them focused while you talk to them.
Communicating with struggling learners is the best way to help them develop a new language. Offer ‘extended time’ in conversation, allowing children who may be struggling to pull their thoughts together. Give them ample time to settle themselves and organize their responses.
Children often strive to connect with peers. Not taking turns in games and activities, or forgetting friendship commitments impact their social connections. Therefore, as a teacher or parent, help them make new friends. This will increase a child’s communication and will help them overcome any language barrier.
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